Egypt is famous for its well-preserved archaeological heritage, and still draws visitors with sights like the Sphinx, Pyramids and the Valley of the Kings. In addition to these ancient treasures, the country is starting to modernise, with more upscale restaurants and cocktail bars emerging along the banks of the Nile.
Rising out of the scorching desert, the Great Pyramid of Giza is the only surviving example of the Seven Wonders of the World. The country's oldest university still runs from Cairo's Al-Azhar Mosque, while the bustling Birqash Camel Market on the Western Desert fringe offers a glimpse of traditional desert life.
The dazzling coastline is perfect for underwater exploration, especially in the Ras Mohamed National Park, south of the Sinai Peninsula. With coral reefs, wreck diving and thousands of species of fish, it's one of the region's best sites for divers and snorkelers.